Enlarged cyst liver
What are liver cysts?
Liver cysts are mostly solitary closed cavities which cause no symptoms and are often accidentally discovered during abdominal ultrasound on the liver. This is a very common benign lesion and often does not require any treatment.
Liver cysts causes
Most liver cysts are congenital; Less are caused by parasitic infections, inflammatory infection, trauma; There are also some tumor cyst.
Liver cyst symptoms
Generally, patients have no symptoms. If the cyst size increases to a certain extent, it will lead to liver enlargement. Large cysts and enlarged liver may press the adjacent gastrointestinal tract, causing patients fullness sensation after eating, nausea and vomiting. Patients may also feel liver pain or heaviness in the upper right abdomen. In some cases, large cyst can be touched as abdominal mass.
In addition to these pressing symptoms to adjacent organs, the more serious problem is the cysts destroys liver tissue itself. Small liver cyst has no effect on human health. However, large or multiple cysts destroy a large number of liver tissues, and therefore, blood test shows abnormal liver function. Cyst ruptures to form ascites.
In polycystic liver, these symptoms often become more prominent.
A huge cyst can occupy the entire right lobe or left lobe. Several large cysts enough to enlarge the liver. In polycystic liver, numerous cysts are distributed within the liver, also on the surface. The appearance of multiple cystic nodules look a bit like multiple regenerative nodules of cirrhosis of the liver. Huge liver cysts or polycystic liver disease often cause significant damage to the liver tissues. Eventually, the liver function is impaired and the patients may get symptoms of advanced liver disease. Ascites, jaundice and portal hypertension may also occur.
Whether a single cyst or multiple cysts, in general, only the large cyst is necessary to be dealt with. Percutaneous aspiration with ethanol sclerotherapy is a main treatment; Open surgery, liver cyst is opened and drained into the abdominal cavity; Resection of part of the liver or left lobe of liver is an optional method in some cases. Postoperatively, the enlarged liver will shrink to a certain extent, or return to the original size, or smaller.